What is ABCD pattern in Forex Trading, The ultimate guide to mastering the ABCD pattern

Post Date : July 7, 2020

abcd forex pattern

The bearish ABCD pattern is the exact opposite of the bullish ABCD pattern. It starts with a bullish pattern,
at point AB initially, where point A is at the bottom and B is the increased price swing. The BC price move is then changed by a bullish move called CD, which goes above point B. The price is reversed again, creating a brand new bearish ABCD point once the chart is formed in the ABCD pattern.

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However, as this pattern works in any timeframe, it will be a good additional tool to your trading strategy. Some traders look for particular candlestick patterns to appear. The hammer and shooting star patterns are commonly used by ABCD traders for extra confirmation, as are tweezer tops/bottoms and engulfing candles. You could choose to wait for one of these candlesticks to form before entering with a market order.


As you probably have noticed, we have a bullish ABCD pattern on the chart here, because the AB and the CD swings point downwards. In this manner, we expect that this valid ABCD pattern leads to a bullish price move. Derivative and leveraged products are popular choices for trend-following strategies. Interestingly, derivative and leveraged products enable traders to go both long and short.

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For a bullish ABCD the point D should break a new recent low. In a bearish ABCD, check that point D breaks a new recent high. Get ready to receive cutting-edge analysis, top-notch education, and actionable tips straight to your inbox.

What Is an ABCD Pattern?

At the same time, BC and CD should respond to specific Fibonacci levels. Overall, the methods used to analyse the effectiveness of the ABCD pattern in Forex trading are diverse and depend on the specific research question. However, the common goal is to identify patterns in price data that can be used to generate profitable trades. The methods used to analyse the effectiveness of the ABCD pattern in Forex trading vary among studies. However, most studies use a combination of technical analysis tools and statistical analysis to identify patterns in price data. Starting with the swing high or low, each
leg is marked by a letter.

abcd forex pattern

The AB leg is the initial price move from a point A to a point B, which is typically a significant low or high point in the price action. The BC leg is a retracement of the AB leg, typically a correction of 38.2% to 61.8% of the AB leg. The CD leg is a continuation of the original price move, starting from point C and moving up to point D, which is typically a higher high than point B. The CD leg is typically equal in price and time to the AB leg, which is why the pattern is often referred to as the “equal wave” pattern. The Kicker candlestick pattern appears during an uptrend or downtrend and signals a sharp market reversal.

Apply Prudent Risk Management

Today I’m going to continue the topic of harmonic patterns. If there is, then your analysis is more likely to be correct. Given that trading the ABCDs usually relies on setting orders at predicted reversal points, consider looking for extra confirmation to filter potential losing trades. Below, you’ll find three factors of confluence you can use to confirm your entries. As you can see from the charts above, point A should be the 61.8% retracement of drive 1.

Through combining the ABCD with other facets of technical analysis, you may be able to confirm the validity of the formation. Future research could focus on further refining the ABCD pattern and exploring its use in other financial markets beyond forex. The effectiveness of the ABCD pattern has been demonstrated in numerous studies and through the experiences of successful traders.

abcd forex pattern

Traders must exercise caution and use other technical analysis tools and indicators to confirm the validity of the pattern before making a trade. ABCD pattern is a graphical representation with three price swings in a rhythmic style, depicting where the market moves. It has 3 consecutive price trends, looking like a lightning bolt on a price chart which helps determine where and when to exit and enter a trade.

A Week in the Market: All Eyes on Prices (17-21 April)

Let us take a look at the target market characteristics and financial situation of U.S. The third type is when CD is the 127.2%-161.8% extension of AB. There actually are some signs that can hint that CD will be much longer than AB. They are a gap after point C or big candlesticks near point C.

Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. Once you’ve conducted thorough research and composed a sound trading plan, it’s important to exercise patience and discipline. When monitoring your position, you should be confident in your trading strategy, despite experiencing an extended upward or downward swing in the short-term. You’ll be able to track previous price intervals and compare them to trade volumes at certain times to zero in on the best entry point.

The indicator can draw price highs and lows, so traders can easily spot the ABCD pattern. The easiest way to identify the ABCD pattern is to look for three price swings in any trend direction, creating a zigzag shape. A directional move in pricing represents a significant bullish or bearish change in asset valuations.

The price then moves from point C to point D, which should be at the same level as point A. The pattern is complete when the abcd forex pattern price retraces from point D. A bullish ABCD pattern follows a downtrend and means that a reversal to the upside is likely.

  • Drive 3 is the
    127.2% extension of the corrective move ending at B.
  • Discover the range of markets and learn how they work – with IG Academy’s online course.
  • These articles shall not be treated as a trading advice or call to action.
  • Fibonacci ratios aren’t just useful for identifying support and resistance levels.
  • It helps you identify when a current
    price move is likely approaching its end.

The swing finally resumes and continues till it is
finally at a point that has an equal distance to AB, which is seen as DA. When the leg of CD finally reaches a
similar length to the leg of AB, there is a reverse mechanism that takes place for the CD price swing. When there’s an ABCD extension a bullish market makes higher highs than anticipated by the ideal pattern.

A bearish ABCD pattern is formed after an uptrend and signals a potential bearish reversal at a certain level. Are you looking to improve your trading strategy and technical analysis skills? This tool may help you identify potential reversals and decide when to enter a trade. Keep reading to learn more about the ABCD pattern and how to apply it to your own trading strategy. The lines AB and CD are called “legs”, while the line BC is referred to as a correction or a retracement. In the contemporary marketplace, chart patterns are a favorite tool for legions of participants.

Also the length of line AB should be
equal to the length of line CD. The time it takes for the price to go from A to
B should be equal to the time it takes for the price to move from C to D. As we see in the chart above, of all the targets we marked, only point PPZ1 worked out.

How to use ABCD pattern in Forex?

  1. In the move from A to B, the market should not go beyond either A or B.
  2. In the move from B to C, the market should not go beyond either B or C.
  3. In the move from C to D, the market should not go beyond either C or D.
  4. In a bullish ABCD, point C must be lower than A and D must be lower than B.

This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication.

Besides, we can also mark SLZ (stop loss zone), PPZ (profit protection zone) and TP (target points). If the price moved to TP1 fast, the odds are that it will continue towards TP2. On the contrary, if the price is slow to get to TP1, this might mean https://trading-market.org/ that it will be the only TP level you’ll get. There are several types of ABCD pattern (all the 3 patterns at the picture are bullish). The material provided is for information purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice.

Any information contained in this site’s articles is based on the authors’ personal opinion. These articles shall not be treated as a trading advice or call to action. The authors of the articles or RoboForex company shall not be held liable for the results of the trades arising from relying upon trading recommendations and reviews contained herein. Before using them, you should test them to see how well they find and draw patterns. First of all, the pattern-like structure can be the base of any harmonic pattern (Gartley, Butterfly, Bat, Shark).

It is rarely seen on price charts and usually forms due to the release of important information related to an asset. A bearish ABCD pattern has formed on the H1 chart of the S&P 500 index (US 500). A sell position can be opened after a downward reversal of the prices from point D. Stop Loss is set just above point D, and Take Profit is set at points C, A, and below if the price has a strong downtrend. A pattern is a particular recurring situation on the price chart of a financial instrument, which helps the trader to predict further possible price movements based on historical data.

What is ABCD pattern in Forex?

What Is an ABCD Pattern? Reflects the common, rhythmic style in which the market moves. A visual, geometric price/time pattern comprised of 3 consecutive price swings, or trends—it looks like a lightning bolt on price chart. A leading indicator that helps determine where & when to enter and exit a trade.

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